Cancer treatment seminar


Room C8:305, BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, May 7 at 13.15-14.00

Thomas Helleday
Science for Life Laboratory,
Division of Translational Medicine and Chemical Biology, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet

Title: Novel anti-cancer treatments: from PARP to MTH1 inhibitors

Host: Pawel Baranczewski

Abstract
Cancers have dysfunctional redox regulation resulting in reactive oxygen species production, damaging both DNA and free dNTPs. The MTH1 protein sanitizes oxidized dNTP pools to prevent incorporation of damaged bases during DNA replication. Although MTH1 is non-essential in normal cells, we show that cancer cells require MTH1 activity to avoid incorporation of oxidized dNTPs, resulting in DNA damage and cell death. We validate MTH1 as an anticancer target in vivo and describe small molecules TH287 and TH588 as first-in-class nudix hydrolase family inhibitors that potently and selectively engage and inhibit the MTH1 protein in cells. Protein co-crystal structures demonstrate that the inhibitors bind in the active site of MTH1. The inhibitors cause incorporation of oxidized dNTPs in cancer cells, leading to DNA damage, cytotoxicity and therapeutic responses in patient-derived mouse xenografts. This study exemplifies the non-oncogene addiction concept for anticancer treatment and validates MTH1 as being cancer phenotypic lethal.

The seminar is organized by SciLifeLab and the Department of Pharmacy, Uppsala University.

For more information please contact Pawel Baranczewski, pawel.baranczewski@farmaci.uu.se